For over 100 years, governments have sought to regulate the crisis-prone financial sector.
In 1933, the Glass-Steagall Act was passed in the US to prevent another major financial crisis after those precipitating the Great Depression were judged to be so disruptive as to threaten democracy itself.
The central plank of the Glass-Steagall Act was a hard, legal separation between commercial banks that did business with the public and investment banks. Commercial banks became part of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, a collectivized insurance system designed to backstop losses for commercial banks doing business with everyday citizens.
In contrast, investment banks were allowed greater freedom of operations but were expected to be subject to market disciplines that punished excessive risk taking.
The financial industry found Glass-Steagall onerous and sought to dismember it. President Bill Clinton, under the leadership of Robert Rubin, Alan Greenspan, and Larry Summers, revoked the Glass-Steagall Act with the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act in 1999 (Wikipedia provides a nice summary here). Clinton also passed the Commodities Future Modernization Act, which de-regulated commodities trading.
These acts of de-regulation have been cited by many legal and economic scholars as playing important roles in causing the 2001 and 2007 financial crises.
In the wake of the 2007 crisis, efforts were made to re-regulate Wall Street with the Frank-Dodd Act. However, the financial sector fought tooth-and-nail to de-fang this act. One of the industry's major successes was their defeat of the Volcker Act, which aimed to re-instate aspects of Glass-Steagall that prevented financial speculation by commercial banks.
In my 2016 book, Crisis Communication, Liberal Democracy and Ecological SustainabilityI explore how the banks successfully stripped Dodd-Frank of the most onerous restrictions.
You can read an excerpt from my book of how this occurred here: https://www.dropbox.com/s/9qiiuuw5k6asxna/Undoing%20Dodd-Frank%202017.docx?dl=1
Now the Trump administration is planning on revoking Dodd-Frank entirely, creating a de-regulatory vacuum that will unleash the worst speculative crazes of an industry whose logics are antithetical to the collective well-being of us all:
Pete Schroeder. (2017). U.S. House banking panel looks to amend Dodd Frank legislation. Reuters, http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-banks-choice-idUSKBN17S2VH?il=0Read in these posts why the bankers' logic is antithetical to democracy here:
A U.S. Congressional banking panel is moving to advance legislation that would overhaul how the government regulates the financial sector, although it faces obstacles towards becoming law.
Representative Jeb Hensarling, who chairs the House Financial Services Committee, is considering amendments that would repeal large parts of the 2010 Dodd-Frank financial reform law.
After holding a hearing Wednesday to discuss the bill, the Financial CHOICE Act, the House panel is expected to vote on the bill in six days, according to a House aide.
But it's unlikely that the package will garner support from congressional Democrats, who criticized the bill at the hearing as sowing the seeds for another financial crisis like the 2008 banking sector meltdown.
Representative Maxine Waters, the top Democrat on the committee, described the measure as “dead on arrival,” adding, “This bill must not become law.”
Given that at least eight Democrats would be needed to back Hensarling’s bill for it to pass the U.S. Senate, Wednesday’s hearing was an indication that the House plan may not clear both chambers of Congress and become law.
PLUTONMY, DESPOTISM, DISPOSSESSION
The shock doctrine and the financial crisis Majia's Blog: The Financial Crisis and the Shock Doctrine
Great land and asset grabs http://majiasblog.blogspot.com/2011/06/great-land-and-asset-grabs-pursued-by.html
US is a plutonomy: http://majiasblog.blogspot.com/2011/07/us-is-plutonomy-here-comes-neo.html
Regulatory Dispossession: http://majiasblog.blogspot.com/2012/07/returning-to-mid-19th-century-safety.html
Neofeudal book prospectus: http://majiasblog.blogspot.com/2012/01/neofeudalism-book-prospectus.html
Neofeudal Lords and the Dispossessed: Majia's Blog: Neofeudal Lords and the Dispossessed
Evolution of Neoliberalism in the US Majia's Blog: The Evolution of Neoliberalism in the US and the Rise ...
Consolidation of Ownership in the Neofeudal economy Majia's Blog: Consolidation of Ownership in the Evolving Neofeudal ...
Dispossessed: Majia's Blog: Dispossessed
The Dispossession of Population: Majia's Blog: The Dispossession of the Population